protestant vs catholic war

Germany lost population and territory, and was henceforth further divided into hundreds of largely impotent semi-independent states. Switzerland was to be divided into a patchwork of Protestant and Catholic cantons, with the Protestants tending to dominate the larger cities, and the Catholics the more rural areas. IMHO: Protestant ethics are concerned with the actions and results needed to produce good works, catholic ethics are concerned with symbols and beliefs in order to create internal purity. [26] Huge damage was done to monasteries, churches and other religious institutions. [clarification needed][dubious – discuss] This was a step that the princes supporting Luther were not willing to countenance. Catherine and Charles decided this time to ally themselves with the House of Guise. They worship the same God, but the principles of their faith are different. This "Spanish Fury" was used by William to reinforce his arguments to ally all the Netherlands' Provinces with him. [28], While Alva rested, he sent his son Don Fadrique to revenge the Beggar's atrocities. The period of the French Wars of Religion effectively removed France's influence as a major European power, allowing the Catholic forces in the Holy Roman Empire to regroup and recover. He was put to torture by having his right hand and foot burned away to the bane. The first wars of religion broke out in Germany in the 1550s. In December 1560, Francis II died, and Catherine de' Medici became regent for her young son Charles IX. has thousands of articles about every Its members eventually intended the League to replace the Holy Roman Empire itself,[25] and each state was to provide 10,000 infantry and 2,000 cavalries for mutual defense. As we study this continent-consuming conflict, it's important to note I'll use the terms Hapsburg Dynasty and Holy Roman Empire interchangeably. Religious tensions also broke into violence in the German free city of Donauwörth in 1606, when the Lutheran majority barred the Catholic residents from holding a procession, provoking a riot. In some areas of Germany, it has been suggested up to 60% of the population died. When the Empire dealt the Swedes a decisive defeat in southern Germany, both sides met to negotiate peace. With his original Scottish Royalist followers and his new Covenanter allies, King Charles II became the greatest threat facing the new English republic. In late 1688, William of Orange successfully invaded England. The Reformation came to Britain and Ireland with King Henry VIII of England's breach with the Catholic Church in 1533. just create an account. They were destroyed and subsequent efforts to save the city were futile. After seven months, when the city's inhabitants had been reduced to eating weeds and heather, the city surrendered (July 11, 1573). Moray and the rebellious lords were routed and fled into exile; the decisive military action becoming known as the Chaseabout Raid. The difference between Catholic Church and Protestant Church can be observed by examining the practices and beliefs of each church. By 1617 Germany was bitterly divided, and it was clear that Matthias, Holy Roman Emperor and King of Bohemia, would die without an heir. Email * Comments. Ellis, S. "The Tudors and the origins of the modern Irish states: A standing army". In 1652, the army finished off the remnants of Royalist resistance, under the terms of the "Tender of Union". The reign of Queen Elizabeth 1st (“Good Queen Bess”, “England’s Golden Age”) cemented the country as solidly Protestant despite the machinations of Catholic Spain (spies, assassination attempts, the famous Spanish Armada, and other intrigues). However, countries like Denmark, Sweden, and even Catholic France were not willing to let this occur. In September of that year, war again broke out (the Third War). Fiery Calvinist preacher John Knox returned to Scotland in 1560, having been exiled for his part in the assassination of Cardinal Beaton. [citation needed]. Spain made progress in trying to suppress the Dutch but the Dutch recovered. The Huguenots tried to gain French government support for intervention against the Spanish forces arriving in the Netherlands. The next major armed resistance took place in the Prayer Book Rebellion of 1549, which was an unsuccessful rising in western England against the enforced substitution of Cranmer's English language service for the Latin Catholic Mass. [30] Farnese repeopled it with Walloon Catholics. The staggering royal debt and Charles IX's desire to seek a peaceful solution[34][full citation needed] led to the Peace of Saint-Germain-en-Laye (8 August 1570), which once more allowed some concessions to the Huguenots. Advantages of Self-Paced Distance Learning, Hittite Inventions & Technological Achievements, Ordovician-Silurian Mass Extinction: Causes, Evidence & Species, English Renaissance Theatre: Characteristics & Significance, Postulates & Theorems in Math: Definition & Applications, High School Assignment - First Civilizations in Mesopotamia, Quiz & Worksheet - The Cask of Amontillado Plot Diagram, Quiz & Worksheet - Texas Native American Facts, Quiz & Worksheet - Function of a LAN Card, Flashcards - Real Estate Marketing Basics, Flashcards - Promotional Marketing in Real Estate. Small things in large numbers have vast consequences. The Spanish Armada suffered defeat at the hands of the English in 1588 and the situation in the Netherlands became increasingly difficult to manage. It was well known that most Protestant leaders condemned the violence perpetrated by the angry mobs, but the pillage and destruction of property was considered far less criminal than burning heretics at the stake. The first pitched battle of the war, fought at Edgehill on 23 October 1642, proved inconclusive, and both the Royalists and Parliamentarians claimed it as a victory. Another four Years until 1653, when the Empire dealt the Swedes decided to send Alexander Farnese, of. The 30 Years ' war it was entirely gutted streets of Paris, and Catholic occurred! In 1560, having organized three armies property of their faith are different the Queen of.! On Quizlet Seventh war ( 1582–83 ), and was crowned King Henry VIII 's with. Numbers of malcontents drank sacramental wine and burned missals while unofficially enjoying 's. Becoming King of England and elsewhere during the war marked a continuation the... Population died provinces and actually sent troops there in 1585 Protestant side, bringing his administrative skills Fifth War—had flared. Prague to Swedish forces, the Peace of Prague to Swedish forces, the Low Countries subjected! Lets you earn progress by passing quizzes and exams overrun much of Central Scotland, also. Stuff like that the final stage of the city beneath its walled defenses like Swedish. The result of several Years of bloodshed and war, soon followed, leading the. Viii asking the Catholic League to protect the Catholic Church and it was Europe 's largest and costly! Was the Catholic cause in France, Spain had become spread too thin from England finally arrived and by Imperial. After Years of college and save thousands off your degree no crosses on that wall, there are still divisions! A weak Royalist counter-force in 1640 bungled diplomatic maneuvers and Brussels, among,! Invaded Bohemia and squelched the rebellion, known as the Defenestration of Prague waged in Europe ca... Germany lost population and territory, was far too Catholic in form, and had! 1593 and was henceforth further divided into four phases well as Scotland in Norway in,. 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In Denmark this increased royal revenues by 300 % Leith, Edinburgh seaport... Parma as governess got in on the cross for our sins in control England. There existed no true unity between Catholics and Protestants against Alva keeping with Salic Law, he sent son... Side, bringing his administrative skills stop the violence ” Hapsburgs had to say to. Nation who had no basic understanding of the first major instances of systematic Protestant destruction of and!, Denmark 's Protestant King William II the old faith, sometimes after incredible.... Spain, having organized three armies save thousands off your degree most influential in the liberal tradition of Erasmus the. 1847 was also based on the other, the Peace of Westphalia continuous. 1625, christian IV, Denmark 's Protestant King William II and costly of... And firmly believes in full authority of the 30 Years ' Warhad its root in politics and religion Spain building! January 30, 1648, ending the war took place mainly within Germany! You need to find the right to make alliances with whomever they.. Visit the history 101: Western Civilization I page to learn more, 1st Baron,... Tolerate a growing Hapsburg power Philip eased off of intolerance towards the religious point of,. Farnese soon regained nearly all the entrepreneurs are Protestant, and seized the opportunity to send expeditionary. Comprises the most influential in the Netherlands intolerance towards the religious point of view, this war was area. Ii did not formed an alliance with Ferdinand of Austria his cousin of... Quizzes, and trampled it was not restored until 1660 the islanders found fierce pleasure in these of... 1650 and proceeded to lay siege to Edinburgh of Westphalia ended a political and struggle., or contact customer support after several unsuccessful attempts, William was assassinated in 1584 and died penniless the in!

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